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Enge Wang







E. G. WANG (Enge WANG)                                  
Professor of Physics
Academician of Chinese Academy of Sciences

General Secretary, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Director, Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics
Director Emeritus, Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences

P. O. Box 603, Zhongguancun
Beijing 100190 , P. R. China
Phone: (86-10) 82649577
Fax: (86-10) 82649244                                    

Academic Experience and Education

  • 1990,      PhD in Physics, Peking University
  • 1990-1991, Postdoc, in Dingsheng Wang’s group, Institute of Physics (CAS, China)
  • 1991-1992, Postdoc, in Guy Allan’s group, Laboratoire d’Etude des Surface at Interfaces (CNRS, France)
  • 1992-1995, Postdoc/Research Staff, University of Houston (USA)
  • 1995-now,  Professor, Institute of Physics (CAS, China)
  • 1999-2007, Director, Institute of Physics (CAS, China)
  • 2000-now,  Honorary Professor, Department of Physics, Hong Kong University (Hong Kong)
  • 2000-2001, Found Director, International Center for Quantum Strctures (CAS, China)
  • 2001-2002, JSPS Professor, Tohoku University (Japan)
  • 2004-now,  Found co-Director, Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics (China)
  • 2006,      Distinguished Lecturer, Australian National University, Australia
  • 2006-2009, AvH Professor, Fritz-Haber Institute der MPG (Germany)
  • 2008-now,  General Secretary, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • 2008,      GCEP Professor, Department of Applied Physics, Stanford University, USA

Awards and Prizes

  • 1988, 2nd Place Student Awards for Outstanding Research, Peking University
  • 1994, “100 Talent Programme”, Chinese Academy of Sciences (China)
  • 1995, Outstanding Young Research Foundation, Chinese National Science Foundation
  • 1995, Outstanding Postdoctor Awards, Ministry of Education (China)
  • 1996, Distinguished Young Research Awards, Hong Kong “Qiu Shi” Science Foundation (Hong Kong)
  • 1997, 1st Place Young Scientist Awards, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • 1999, “Yeng-Ke” Award for Outstanding Young Researcher, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • 2003, The 1st Place of the Science and Technology Awards of Beijing (China)
  • 2003, The 2001-2002 Outstanding Research Awards, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • 2003, The 2002-2003 Achievement in Asia Award (AAA) of the Overseas Chinese Physics Association (OCPA)
  • 2003, The 2003-2004 IBM Faculty Awards (USA)
  • 2004, The 2nd Place of the National Science and Technology Awards, Ministry of Science and Technology (China)
  • 2005, The Third World Academy of Sciences (TWAS) Prize in Physics, Trieste (Italy)
  • 2005, Humboldt Research Award, Alexander von Humboldt Stiftung/Foundation, Bonn, (Germany)
  • 2005, Outstanding Science and Technology Achievement Prize, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • 2005, “Zhou Pei-Yuan Physics Awards”, Chinese Physical Society
  • 2007, The Best Invited Speaker, 31st Annual Condensed Matter and Materials Meeting, Australian and New Zealand Institutes of Physics and Royal Australian Chemical Institute, Wagga-Wagga, (Australia)
  • 2007, Distinguished Lecturer, Australian Research Council Nanotechnology Network (ARCNN), Australia


Fellowships and Professional Activities

  • 2007-now,  Academician, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • 2003-now,  Fellow (FinstP), The Institute of Physics (UK)
  • 2006-now,  Fellow, American Physics Society (USA)
  • 2006-now,  Fellow, The Executive Council of the World Innovation Foundation, The Institute of National Economic Enrichment and Development, Huddersfield (UK)
  • 2008-now,  General Secretary, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • 2005-now,  Vice Chair of C10 Committee, The International Union of Pure and Applied Physics (IUPAP)
  • 2004-now,  Found co-Director, Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics
  • 2005-now,  China Science Advisory Committee, Institute of Physics Publishing, UK
  • 2003-now,  Secretary General, The Chinese Physical Society (CPS)
  • 2000-2001, Found Director, International Center for Quantum Structures, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • 1999-2003, Chairman, Surface Science Division, Chinese Physical Society
  • 1997-1999, Director, State Key Lab for Surface Physics, IOP/CAS
  • 1999-now,  Symposium Co-Organizer of more than 10 international conferences including APS(2005), MRS(2004), IUMRS (1999)
  • 2000-now,  Chairman over 10 international conferences including the 3rd Conference of the Asian Consortium for Computational Materials Science (2005)

Professional Advisor Committees

  • 1996-1999, Scientific Council, Center for Condensed Matter Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • 2004-2005, Adjunct Advisor, International Center for Young Scientists (ICYS), National Institute for Materials Sciences, Tsukuba, Japan
  • 2006-now,  The External Advisor Committee, Center for Advanced Interdisciplinary Research in Materials, University of Chile, Santiago, Chile
  • 2006-now,  International Advisor, National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Japan
  • 2007-now,  International Advisor Board, Materials Simulation Laboratory, University College London, UK
  • 2007-now,  Advisor Board, Kavli Institute of Theoretical Physics, Beijing, China

Editorial Boards

  • 1998-now, Editorial Board, Materials Science Foundations (Switzerland)
  • 1999-now, Editorial Board, Chinese Physics
  • 2002-2006, Editorial Board, Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics
  • 2004-now, Editorial Board, Journal of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience, American Scientific Publishers
  • 2005-now, Editorial Board, Nanoscale Research Letters, Ibiblio
  • 2005-now, Advisory Editorial Board, Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, Institute of Physics Publishing
  • 2006-now, Associate Editor?Science and Technology of Advanced Materials?Elsevier Publishing
  • 2006-now, Editorial Board, Solid State Communication, Elsevier Publishing
  • 2007-now, Associate Editor, IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology, IEEE Inc.
  • 2008-now, Editorial Board, The Open Condensed Matter Physics Journal, Bentham Science Publishing
  • 2008-now, Associate Editor-in-Chief, Frontiers of Physics in China, Higher Education Press, China
  • 2008-now, Associate Editor, International Journal of Modern Physics B  (IJMPB) and Modern Physics Letters B (MPLB), World Scientific Publishing, Singapore

Current or past supervisor

Completed supervision of 20 Ph.D. thesis, 5 M.Sc. thesis, 4 Undergraduate thesis, 8 post-doctoral fellows. About fifteen of them joined the faculty of major universities/institutes in China, Japan, North America, and Europe. Present group:  1 post-doctoral fellow plus 9 graduate students.
Among his students, Dr. Wenguang Zhu got 2004 MRS Graduate Student Silver Awards, Dr. Shenyuan Yang got 2008 MRS Graduate Student Silver Awards, Dr. Guangyu Zhang got the “100 Excellent PhD thesis in China” (2005), Dr. Guangyu Zhang (2003) and Dr. Jianjun Yang (2004) got the President Awards of Chinese Academy of Sciences for excellent research. Mr. Kaihui Liu got the Best Presentation Award, ICYS-ICMR Summer School on Nanomaterials, Tsukuba, Japan(2007) and Mr Wangyang Fu got the Best Speaker Award, the 14th Vietnam School of Physics, Quy Nhon, Vietnam(2008).

Research Interests

Wang’s research focuses on surface physics; the approach is a combination of atomistic simulation of nonequilibrium growth, chemical vapor deposition of light-element nanomaterials, and water behaviors in confinement system. One of the original contributions is the development of the Reaction-Limited-Aggregation (RLA) theory. Within this model, a fractal-to-compact island shape transition can be induced by either decreasing the growth temperature or increasing the deposition flux. This counterintuitive finding is just the opposite to the prediction of the classic Diffusion-Limited-Aggregation (DLA) model, and is in excellent qualitative agreement with experimental observations in the presence of surfactant. He and his coworkers also predicted a three-dimensional Ehrlich-Schwoebel barrier; attracted News and Views in Nature (June 2002). Another contribution is the model proposal and experimental validation of a true upward atomic diffusion; attracted Physics News Update in June 2003 and News and Views in Nature as well as Science Week in June 2004. His group experimentally realized tubular graphite cone and polymerized CN nanobells; attracted News reports of Materialstoday (June 2003) and Analytical Chemistry (July 2003). He also developed a method to synthesize single-walled boron-carbon-nitrogen nanotubes. Recently, he researches water behaviors in confinement. He proposed a two-dimensional tessellation ice, which has attracted a lot of interest and has finally been observed in experiments. His work on the water-surface coupling and the strength of the hydrogen bonds at the interfaces provides a fundamental understanding of water on surface at molecular level.

Invited Talks (selection out of 67 since 1996)

  • 1996, The 17th International Semiconductor Meeting (Nordic), Trondheim, Norway (Jun. 17 –20), “Synthesis and Characterization of Pure Nanocrystalline C-N Film.”
  • 1997, International Conference on Characterization and Processing of Advanced Materials, Hong Kong (May 19 – 22). “Research on Carbon Nitrides.”
  • 2000, The 6th IUMRS, Hong Kong (July 24-27), “Novel Formation and Decay Mechanisms of Nanostructure on Surface”
  • 2000, MRS Fall Meeting, Boston (Nov.27-Dec.1) “Pattern Selection of Surface-based Nanostructures”.
  • 2001, American Ceramic Society 103rd Meeting, Indianapolis (April 22-25), “Nitride-related Nanomaterials by Chemical Vapor Deposition”.
  • 2001, APS March Meeting, Seattle (March 12-17), “Morphological Evolution and Control in Submomolayer Epitaxy”.
  • 2002, MRS Fall 2002 Meeting, Boston (Dec.2 – 7) “Island Shape Selection and Stability in Epitaxial Growth”.
  • 2003, Inter. Union MRS (IUMRS) & Inter. Conf. on Adv. Mater. (ICAM)?Yokohama, Japan (Oct. 8 – 13), “Water-metal Interaction Based on ab initio Density Functional Study”.
  • 2003, Plenary Talk, The Chinese Physical Society (CPS) Fall Meeting, Hefei (Sept.17- 20) “The Fate of Migrating Atoms on Surface.”
  • 2004, Keynote Lectures, International Conference on Computational & Experimental Engineering and Sciences, Madeira, Portugal (July 26-29). “Atomic-scale Study of Surface-based Nanostructures: Formation and Decay”
  • 2004, APS March Meeting, Montreal, Quebec, Canada (March 22-26,) “Attempts in CNT Engineering: Nanocone, Nanobell, and Beyond”.
  • 2004, The 4th European Congress on Computational Methods in Applied Sciences and Engineering, Jyvaskyla, Finland (July 24 –28) “Kinetics-driven Adatom Processes in Thin Film Growth”.
  • 2005, The 10th International Conf. On New Diamond Science and Technology (ICNDST10), Tsukuba, Japan, (May 11 – 14) “A step up to monochiral multi-walled carbon nanotubes”
  • 2005, Key Lecture, Workshop on Interface Disorder in Nanosystems, Leiden, Netherlands. (June 20 – 23) “Kinetics-driven atomic processes in formation and decay of surface-based nanostructure”.
  • 2006, Conf. on Computational Physics 2006 (CCP2006), Gyeongju, Korea, (Aug 29 – Sept. 1) “Dopant control in dilute magnetic semiconductors: Subsurfactant action”.
  • 2006, Keynote Lecture, the 11th Inter. Conf. On Theoretical Aspects of Catalysis (ICTAC-11), Schmochwitz, Germany (June 11 – 14) “Interpretation and prediction of nanostructural evolution based on first-principles studies”
  • 2006, Key Lecture, CIAR Nanoelectronics?Banff, Alberta, Canada.( Nov.9-12) “A step up to self-assembly”
  • 2007, The 31st Annual Condensed Matter and Materials Meeting, Wagga Wagga, Australia
  • (Feb.6-9) “A step up to self-assmebly”
  • 2007, Swiss NanoConvertion 2007, Bern, Swiss (June 27–30) “Who controls the fate of migrating atoms on surface?”
  • 2007, International Conference on Materials for Advanced Technologies (ICMAT), Singapore (July 1-6) “A molecular picture of water on NaCl surface”
  • 2007, MRS Fall Meeting, Boston (Nov.26-30) “Towards the Single-Walled B-C-N Nanotubes:Fabrication and Electronic Property”.

Invited Seminars and Colloquiums(selection out of 90 since 1987)

  • In USA including Harvard Univ., Univ. of Michigan, Univ. of Texas, Univ. of Tennessee, Univ. of Missouri, Univ. of Houston, Stanford Univ., UC Berkeley, Oklahoma State Univ., Michigan Tech Univ., Rutgers Univ., Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Ames National Laboratory;
  • In Europe including Univ. of Oxford, Univ. of Cambridge, Univ. College London, Queen Mary Univ. of London, Univ. of Genova, Technical University of Denmark, Univ. of Erlangen, Univ. of Heidelberg, Univ. of Basel, EMPA (Swiss), TU Delft;
  • In Asia including Tokyo Univ., Univ. of Kyoto, Univ. of Tohoku, National Univ. of Hiroshima, Institute for Materials Science (Japan), National Institute for Materials Science (Japan), Univ. of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Univ. of Science and Technology, Chinese Univ. of Hong Kong, Peking Univ., Tsinghua Univ., Chin. Univ. of Science and Technology, Fudan Univ., Zhongshan Univ., Wuhan Univ., National Tsinghua Univ. (Taiwan), National Chiaotung Univ. (Taiwan), National Univ. of Singapore, Mahidol University (Thailand);
  • In all other places including Univ. of Chile, Australia National Univ., Univ. of New South Wales, Univ. of Queensland, ANSTO (Australia);

Lectures (in English) in Universities

  • 2007, ARCNN Distinguished Lectures I-V, Australia National Univ., Australia, Feb.2-16.
  • 2005, Advanced Study Institute on Frontiers in Computational Methods and their Applications in Physical Sciences, Chinese University of Hong Kong
  • Nov.26-Dec.7

           1) Introduction to density functional theory and its application
           2) First-principles Kinetic Monte Carlo methods applied to surface
           3) Simulation study of water molecules on surface: hydrogen bonding and phase transitions

Recent Selected Publications (Selection out of  230 since 1987)

In this area, Wang has co-authored 230 papers in peer-reviewed journals (3 in Science, 20 in PRL, 3 JACS, 37 in APL, and 9 invited review articles). SCI  citation > 3000; H-index: 29. He also got 6 patents, co-edited 1 MRS proceeding.

[31] Lei Liao,Kaihui Liu, Wenlong Wang, Xuedong Bai, Enge Wang, Yueli Liu, Jinchai Li, and
Chang Liu? J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129, 9562(2007). “Multiwall Boron Carbonitride/Carbon Nanotube Junction and Its Rectification Behavior”
[30] Lixin Zhang, E.G. Wang, Q.K. Xue, S.B. Zhang, and Z. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97,126103(2006). “Generalized Electron Counting in Determination of Metal-Induced Reconstruction of Compound Semiconductor Surfaces”
[29] J.T. Wang, C. Chen, E.G. Wang, D.S. Wang, H. Mizuseki, and Y. Kawazoe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 046103(2006). ”Two-stage rotation mechanism for group-V precursor dissociation on Si(001).“
[28] W. L. Wang, X. D. Bai, K. H. Liu, Z. Xu, D. Golberg, Y. Bando, and E. G. Wang?J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128, 6530(2006). “Direct Synthesis of B-C-N Single-Walled Nanotubes by Bias-Assisted Hot Filament Chemical Vapor Deposition”
[27] Zhi Xu, X.D. Bai, Z.L. Wang, and E.G. Wang, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128, 1052(2006). “Multiwall carbon nanotubes made of monocharility graphite shells”.
[26] Y. Guo, Y.F. Zhang, X.Y. Bao, T.Z. Han, Z. Tang, L.X. Zhang, W.G. Zhu, E.G. Wang, Q. Niu, Z.Q. Qiu, J.F. Jia, Z.X Zhao, and Q.K. Xue, Science 306, 1915(2004), “Superconductivity modulated by quantum size effects”.
[25] Y. Jia, W.G. Zhu, E.G. Wang, Y.P. Huo, and Zhenyu Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94?086101(2005), “Initial stages of Ti growth on diamond (100) surfaces: From single adatom diffusion to quantum wire formation”
[24] N. Y. Huang, J. C. She, Jun Chen, S. Z. Deng, N. S. Xu, H. Bishop, S. E. Huq, L. Wang, D. Y. Zhong, E. G. Wang, and D. M. Chen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 075501(2004),” Mechanism responsible for initiating carbon nanotube vacuum breakdown”
[23] Wenguang Zhu, H. H. Weitering, E. G. Wang, Efthimios Kaxiras and Zhenyu Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 126102(2004), “Contrasting growth modes of Mn on Ge(100) and Ge(111) surfaces: subsurface segregation versus intermixing”
[22] Jiandong Guo, Chunlei Yang, Z. M. Li, Ming Bai, H. J. Liu, G. D. Li, E. G. Wang, C. T. Chan, Z. K. Tang, W. K. Ge, and Xudong Xiao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 017402(2004),  “Efficient Visible Photoluminescence from Carbon Nanotubes in Zeolite Templates”
[21] Jianjun Yang, S. Meng, L.F. Xu, and E. G. Wang, Phys. Rev. Lett.92,146102(2004) “Ice Tessellation on a Hydroxylated Silica Surface”
[20] W. G. Zhu, F. B. Mongeot, U. Valbusa, E. G. Wang, and Zhenyu Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 106102 (2004) “Adatom Ascending at Step Edges and Faceting on fcc Metal (110) Surfaces”.
[19] Y. G. Yao, L. Kleinman, A.H. MacDonald, J. Sinova, T. Jungwirth, D.S. Wang, E.G. Wang, and Q. Niu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 037204(2004). “First principles calculation of anomalous hall
conductivity in ferromagnetic bcc Fe”.
[18] K.H. Wu, Y. Fujikawa, T. Nagao, Y. Hasegawa, Q.K. Xue, E.G. Wang, T. Briere, V. Kumar, Y. Kawazoe, S.B. Zhang, and T. Sakurai, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 126101(2003). “Na adsoeption on the Si(111)-(7X7) surface: From two-dimensional gas to nanocluster array”.
[17] F.B. Mongeot, Wenguang Zhu, A. Molle, R. Buzio, C. Boragno, U. Valbusa, E.G. Wang, and Zhenyu Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 016102(2003) “Nanocrystal Formation and Faceting Instability  in Al(110) Homoepitaxy True Upward Adatom Diffusion at step Edges and Island Corners”.
[16] G. Y. Zhang, X. Jiang, and E.G. Wang, Science 300, 472(2003) “Tubular Graphite Cones.”
[15] S. Meng, L. F. Xu, E. G. Wang, and S.W. Gao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89?176104(2002)  “Vibrational Recognition of Hydrogen-bonded Water Networks on a Metal Surface”.
[14] J. Wu, E. G. Wang, K. Varga, B.G. Liu, S. T. Panfelides, and Zhenyu Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89?146103 (2002)  “Island Shape Selection in Pt(111) Submonolayer Homoepitaxy without or with CO as Adsorbates”.
[13] Y.G. Yao, Ph. Ebert, M.Z. Li, Zhenyu Zhang, and E.G. Wang, Phys. Rev. B 66, 041407(2002)  (Rapid Communication) “Decay Characteristics of Two-dimensional Islands on Strongly  Anisotropic Surfaces".
[12] M.Z. Li, J.F. Wendelken, B.G. Liu, E.G. Wang, and Zhenyu Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 2345(2001) “Decay Characteristics of Surface Mounds with Contrasting Interlayer Mass Transport Channels”.
[11] J. X. Zhong, E. G. Wang, Q. Niu, and Z. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 3895 (2000) “Morphological symmetry breaking during epitaxial growth at grazing incidence”.
[10] B.G. Liu, J. Wu, E.G. Wang, and Zhenyu Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 1195(1999) “Two-dimensional pattern formation in surfactant-mediated epitaxial growth.”
[9] X. Ma and E.G. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 978(2001)  "CNx/Carbon Nanotube Junctions Synthesized by Microwave Chemical Vapor Deposition".
[8] X. Ma, E.G. Wang, R. D. Tilley, D. A. Jefferson, and W. Zhou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 4136 (2000)  "Size-Controlled Short Nanotubes:  Growth and Formation Mechanism".
[7] X. Ma, E.G. Wang, W. Zhou, D. A. Jefferson, J. Chen, S.Z. Deng,  N.S. Xu, and J. Yuan, Appl.  Phys. Lett. 75, 3105(1999) “Polymerized carbon nitrogen nanobells and their field emission.”
[6] X.D. Bai, E. G. Wang, J. Yu, and H. Yang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 67(2000) “Blue-violet PL from large-scale highly alinged BCN nanofibers”.
[5] X. D. Bai, J. D. Guo, Jie, Yu, E. G. Wang, Jun Yuan, and W. Zhuo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2624(2000)  “Synthesis and field emission behavior of highly oriented boron carbonitride nanofibers.”
[4] J. Yu, E.G. Wang, and X. D. Bai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 2226(2001) “Electron field emission from carbon nanoparticles prepared by microwave-plasma chemical-vapor deposition”.
[3] J. Yu, J. Ahn, S.F. Yoon, Q. Zhang, Rusli, B. Gan, K. Chew, M. B. Yu, X. D.  Bai, and E. G. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1949(2000) “Semiconducting boron  carbonitride nanostructures: Nanotubes and nanofibers”.
[2]  J. Yu and E.G. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett.74, 2948 (1999).    “Turbostratic B-C-N film and its field emitting behavior.”
[1] E.G.Wang, Progress in Materials Science 41(Monograph), 241(1997). “Research on Carbon Nitrides”. (review article).

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